We Owe Ourselves an Oxygen Airlift Program

We Do Owe Ourselves an Oxygen Airlift Program

A longstanding environmental remediation tradition for soil, air and water contamination is the use of oxygen or oxidation enhancement with hydrogen peroxide to restore harmony by making compounds inert and harmless to their surroundings. This principle applies to the atmosphere as it stands now, as well. Countless refrigerant gases and reactive greenhouse gases such as methane are set to increase in concentration at the layer of the lower stratosphere, where as of 2017, ozone is depleted the most, while the upper stratosphere at 25 Km and above is recovering. While we emit more CO2 and methane, and increase warming at an accelerated rate with these contaminants, we all owe ourselves a chance to remove some of these man made culprits and we can share the cost globally in a fair way

Each of is who has benefited from years of refrigeration, air conditioning and fossil fuels can bear some of the cost to cool us down with an oxygen airlift and then bigger “polluters” in developed economies can shoulder some, and then newer polluters could make up the difference a “pay as we pollute” scheme so the past actions get us started and the present maintains our ability to oxygenate.

Scientists know how to attribute emissions to emitters, but not how to have them pay for cleanup, so I am going to provide a provisional framework for cost sharing. We deserve to reverse some of the global warming we are experiencing in order to save lives, property, and economies, as we shift off of fossil fuels and reduce all emissions.

In my blog I outline and reference why an oxygen airlift to 20-25 Km above the Earth will help us cool off the planet, and oxygen is the only non-toxic element that will do this for us. Oxygen is a part of the natural system and we need it. We deserve to give ourselves a break from accelerating global warming; a mistake that we can at least partially pull back from. Of the 487ppm of CO2 equivalent warming we have, 87 ppm are because of the refrigerant and synthetic greenhouse gases which are trapping heat at 20-25 Km above us. That means that we could with a thorough, well modeled, and tested effort, reverse 40% of all of our industrial era warming by removing these gases using oxygen. The oxygen when dispersed, would be activated by the Sun into reactive atomic oxygen radicals which would then destroy these gases, and the system would bring them down naturally. Make no mistake, this is known to happen in both atmospheric chemistry and in the fossil records. If we reversed 40% of the warming, it may mean that we return some snow cover and planetary reflectivity. We would have to maintain this reversal while we reduced emissions, and avoid putting stuff up in the atmosphere as much as possible so that heat escapes continually. No other agent will encourage heat release to space.

A million tons per day of oxygen are created from our ground based oxygen factories. We would only need a fraction of this to affect the lower stratosphere in an airlift. We have enough oxygen at ground to borrow for this restorative protocol, and we have all the means at our disposal to do it. We have tanks, aircraft, and skilled people who can perform it. We only have a limited window of about two decades to start this kind of protocol before the warming acceleration becomes too powerful and our polar ice is gone. Consider heat trapping geoengineering with sprayed toxic aerosols the alternative. Do you prefer that…or this?

In the next article I will outline a scheme to fund this protocol based on a historical and present polluter pay scheme, after providing an estimate of the provisional amount to airlift and its cost.

viva.cundliffe@gmail.com

The Oxygen Earth Protocol to remove major atmospheric greenhouse gases by oxygen airlift

The Emergency Oxygen Plan to remove atmospheric greenhouse gases by oxygen airlift and cool the planetary temperature.

It can be done as a bypass of the carbon cycle.

There is ample capacity to send 3,000 to 10,000 tons of industrial oxygen in tanks to 2,000 feet above the cloud cover or up to 25 Km, to be activated by the sun and have the oxygen burn off major greenhouse gases. Only oxygen has slowly triggered glaciation in the fossil records 3 times over, solving global warming decisively. It’s the only non toxic plan that will work because we will not succeed unless the greenhouse gas levels are reduced. This is the lesson to take from the past and present  is why I am sharing this conservation strategy.

The gases we can remove are also ozone depleting substances, which are warming the planet by 80 ppm of the excess 160 ppm we have put in the sky. Just think what the world would be like if we removed these gases…half of the present warming could be reversed. What an important opportunity. We would also likely restore the ozone layer if we airlifted the oxygen to 20-25 Km, returning the world to a time when UV radiation was safe for life under the ozone layer.

500 million ton per day of oxygen are not tied to special industries, therefore, we could actually do this with carbon reinforced tanks and proper nozzles. It would not work for the ocean unless the oxygen is ionized by corona discharge systems, but, again, this could be done. It probably would cost less than half of the plan to split CO2 by using existing pressure swing absorption. We don’t have the luxury of time, so please spread the word that we have this capacity. It would save us from the toxic geoengineering operations! I believe humanity is ready to try this and with some peer review which I invite you to help with by sharing this, it could be launched in a few short years. I will serve as the resource person for this for as long as I can afford to keep the blog and YouTube channel (Viva Cundliffe) up. I will put up a donation button as well so that this site is helped by good strangers who read the blog to learn about oxygen and its ions from our technology which is for sale at http://www.gcgreencarbon.com.

New Analysis of CO2 levels in the fossil record:

CO2 levels follow warming cycle initiations because methane is the warming gas first, then- oxygen turns it into CO2 afterward. CO2 levels then rise after the methane releases. I believe this is what is missing in the analyses. Methane is on the rise now, so is warming, and this is where we should focus by targeting and removing the methane and the anthropogenic greenhouse gases using oxygen. Harada et al, “Transition to an oxygen rich atmosphere with an extensive overshoot triggered by the Paleoproterozoic…” 2015 Harada_et_al_2015_EPSL

This citation bears the clues to the methane watch and the condition of the oxygen-ozone-OH sinks:

Walker [1979] used a simple chemical model to explore the effect of lower oxygen on ozone concentrations (which would scale with OH radical). He found that maximum ozone actually increased with a slight drop in atmospheric O2 (0.5 present atmospheric level (PAL)) because of enhanced penetration of UV radiation. Kasting et al. [1985] explored the effects of much lower levels of oxygen with a more complete chemical model, finding that the methane residence time was slightly higher at 0.1 PAL but lower at 0.01 PAL and below. Another possibility is that the residence time of methane might increase substantially with a rise in methane flux if the tropospheric and stratospheric sinks became saturated. P 12: schrag et al.: initiation of a snowball earth 10.1029/2001GC000219

If the methane builds up, the oxygen based sinks are saturated and may need remediation, (which at the same time would lower UV penetration which is increased at present, causing skin cancer and sunburns to plants and animals).

Check out associated videos on YouTube: Viva Cundliffe

Viva Cundliffe, MSc

viva.cundliffe@gmail.com

Oceanic moisture to Pacific Coast of California

It is curious to me as a potential natural weather modification provider why California would not be receiving more precipitation. The convection in the ocean is not known to be irregular to the West. I can model this with a long trajectory triggering protocol using oxygen ions. There is only one reasonable pair of explanations for any place on Earth to be dry: it is being allowed or overlooked.

We can change what has developed in California. I would need help.

I wish you well

 

Gluten Free Pizza Crust

We all know someone now with that gluten free challenge. The products on the shelves are getting better quickly, but here is a fantastic fix for a pizza which will totally satisfy and benefit everyone with some nice protein in that crust.

Makes 2-8″ pizza crusts 30 minute prep time- Total Gourmet outcome + 15 minutes hand chopping of toppings; PREHEAT oven to 350,  mid-lower rack.

Crust

Dry ingredients:

  1. 3/4 cup garfava bean flour
  2. 2 cups tapioca flour
  3. salt to tast
  4. 1/3 cup Demarara sugar
  5. 1/2 cup red fife flour
  6. 1 cup coconut flour
  7. 3/4-1 TBSP instant yeast
  8. 1/4 cup poppy seeds or other seed

Wet ingredients:

  1. 1 1/3 cups room temp. water
  2. 2 tsp of olive oil- this is limited so that the tapioca flour will bind your ingredients. (put a lot of oil on the cookie/baking sheet/ griller.)

Mix dry ingredients, then pour in liquids, and mix w/ Spatula until soft dough balls but not runny. Set this bowl over a bowl of very warm water in another bowl for 25 minutes.

Once risen, you divide, and very gently pat into flat rounds on the well oiled cooking surface to keep bubbles in dough. Curl up edges. Top generously with herb spiked tomato paste, fav. toppings, mozzarella/cheeses.

Bake for 30 minutes, check progress at 20 minutes, 30 minutes with a 375 elevation for 6 minutes at the end produced these two pizzas with golden brown quality mozza cheese on top and very nice textured crusts on a typical cookie sheet.

20170709_201143[1]

Gluten Free Pizza Pizzaz– not difficult for commercial pizzerias to add to their menu.

Investment: $6.75 plus 45 minutes quality family time in & out of the kitchen. Unforgettable meal. Homemade wine cost $1.25 and 10 minutes prep time. (more about that later).

Using Oxygen is the only serious way to remove runaway methane

Any other method of cooling will not be lasting. As shown here, even in the Ordovician, Oxygen was used up in oxidizing methane to CO2, left lowered oxygen levels, High CO2 levels and a 1’C warmer temperature than present day. If we are going to remove methane, we are going to use up our oxygen; this cannot be stopped. The runaway methane event now underway could be shortened and oxygen conserved with the use of a separation membrane that cleaves O2 and releases the atomic oxygen to go and react with water so that it can do even more. The O atom reacts with water, forming 2OH, providing a free doubling of oxygen. Using the OH magnification, and the shorter route to destruction that is offers, makes the process twice as effective and it uses only 3O2 net, or 30%, rather than 10 O2 net without help. No where else will there be such an opportunity to conserve oxygen while going through a methane emergency. Nowhere else will there be an opportunity to shorten the lifetime of methane as well. Oxygen has been there doing this since the beginning.

No one is serious unless they are talking about using hydroxyl radicals to combat the methane release. We cannot rely upon the private sector to pay for this measure either. It will have to be paid for by governments. Thankfully compared to many project budgets, it is not that expensive. The problem is that we are in an emergency situation and we absolutely should not wait for the Paris Climate agreement. The longer we wait, the more damage will be left from the delays.

Ordovician period:

Mean atmospheric O
2
content over period duration
c. 13.5 vol %[1][2]
(68 % of modern level)
Mean atmospheric CO
2
content over period duration
c. 4200 ppm[3]
(15 times pre-industrial level)
Mean surface temperature over period duration c. 16 °C[4]
(2 °C above modern level)
Sea level (above present day) 180 m; rising to 220 m in Caradoc and falling sharply to 140 m in end-Ordovician glaciations[5]

Source: Wikipedia

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Independent Researcher Uncovers Globe’s Thermostat

20180917_113613[1]
Independent Researcher Uncovers Globe’s Thermostat October 1, 2018
20 years ago, Viva Cundliffe uncovered a way to repair the Ozone layer if we ever needed it and she has been at it again. She is now planning a PhD dissertation about how to cool the planet using oxygen, airlifted to about 19 Km above to remove the canopy of gases that are holding heat in and causing the beginning of runaway global warming. Up high, oxygen is excited by the Sun and then it goes to work breaking up greenhouse gas molecules, including the ones that also destroy the ozone layer. “The only agent in the fossil record which has removed methane up high in the past and triggered cooling as well as ice ages is well documented non toxic oxygen.”
Cundliffe is proposing that instead of aerosol geoengineering particles being used to block sunlight, that molecules which are holding heat in be removed so that the heat can escape. “Heat travels at the speed of sound, 340 meters per second; we feel its impact every day and night because of the speed it can travel. To cool the Earth quickly, we just need to remove the insulating gases with oxygen and we have enough oxygen available to do this.”
Cundliffe has a science blog at vivacundliffe.com where she addresses different aspects of “the Oxygen Earth Conservation Protocol”. Her PhD dissertation is in the field of environmental engineering and she earned a Nobel Prize nomination in 2012 for her chemistry work turning carbon dioxide gas into a solid carbon. “Not only do many animals breathe oxygen, the atmosphere breathes oxygen to stay cool. The fossil record shows this in a phenomenon coined the “snowball earth”If we want to follow the guide of nature and established chemistry, we will use oxygen to cool the Earth as it provides a permanent cooling effect compared to aerosols or smoke. Greenhouse gases as we all know, warm the Earth. This summer in Kamloops we saw the forest fire smoke provide temporary cooling which does not let heat escape, so it is not a solution. The root of the issue is that heat has to be able to escape the atmosphere.”
Cundliffe is talking to policymakers about oxygen, and says that if we need the oxygen airlift, the logistics have already been looked at and it is quite affordable, given the seriousness of the global warming situation caused by all the gases and particles in the air column.

Basic Oxygen and oxidation Chemistry for the Methane Emergency part one

In order to oxidize methane it takes ten oxygen molecules ten years -normally- in the atmosphere. With a methane blowout we will want to shorten the time to methane destruction by putting up there the main oxidant that removes methane. In addition to airlifting oxygen molecules, there are two other options we should consider: airlifting atomic oxygen or hydroxyl radicals. Either of these will perform a faster oxidation of methane: shortened for brevity:

  1. CH4 + OH =CH3 +H2O, CH3 +OH = CH2 + H2O,
  2. CH2 + 2OH = C + 2H2O
  3. C + 2OH + O= CO2 + H2O

This chemistry uses the O from an O2 once, and the rest of the oxidation remains direct with OH. The OH can be a radical OH* or a negative or positive ion in the case of manufactured OH.

In the step where sunlight naturally excites molecular oxygen and splits it into positive atomic O1D ions, this atomic oxygen will either react to form ozone, O3, or react with water to form 2 OH radicals:

4. O1D +H2O = 2OH*

As we can see from this, the formation of two oxidant OH* would be very helpful as it changes the water oxygen into a scrubbing hydroxyl radical, effectively doubling the oxygen in play as the key oxidant. It would be very good to airlift this O atom and have it meet water molecules and form OH as it bypasses the time involved for the Sun to split molecular oxygen, engage in competing chemistry, and form OH. It is much more direct in addressing methane to make it and release it.

Taking OH that is made at ground in water is also an option. The oxygen is more dilute, but the water needed is brought into contact with the O atoms quickly, in the interests of time. The OH in water is airlifted and sprayed.

We are going to need to address methane as it is escaping at dangerous levels now. There are no known negative side effects from releasing natural (in situ) oxidants to the environment. The oxidants will remove all greenhouse gases but water and CO2, which will bring a significant amount of cooling as their levels are lowered from today’s levels.

 

 

atmospheric aerosols use up oxidant which causes more warming

The OH* radical is normally forming bonds with particulates and making the particulates more soluble in water so that they will be removed by rain. When more particulates are in the air, the OH* ligands are used up and a shortage will cause a big problem. OH* also oxidizes greenhouse gases like methane but if it is all use up by the process of attaching to particulate matter, then it cannot burn of methane and other gases.

Aerosols also reflect sunlight that is used by the O2 molecule to split into atomic O1d atoms, where OH* is formed after the O1D meets water.

Note these two reactions:

O2 + hv(sunlight) = 2 O1d

O1d + H2O = 2OH*

From one oxygen molecule we can get 4 OH*, which is a quadruple benefit for scrubbing the air and aging aerosols. With too many aerosols wasting OH*, we lose the scrubbing. This could lead to very accelerated warming because overall it takes 10 O2 net to remove methane in an average ten year process using significant OH*.

We are just going into a four year record average highest global temperature. As we look for the causes, we must look at how the oxidants are being suppressed or overused by aerosols and allow methane to persist longer. This will be critical as we find a way to battle the methane blowouts from arctic permafrost and the oceans which can triple the carbon content of the air with methane which is almost 30 times worse than CO2.

We may have to release atomic ionized oxygen to help reverse these trends and increase oxidation of methane.