ZERO Carbon Budget Left Aug 2019

No carbon budget means that we all technically should stop emitting. How are you going to handle this from a moral perspective. Are you going to find ways to offset your carbon.



This is the warming that is already baked in as of this projection in 2007, which is still accurate.

Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your survival.

The Great Collective Human Purpose on Earth

Our global purpose here really must be to exist on Earth without damaging the key aspects of it that support our life. We have fundamentally failed at this point, and need to correct our management approaches around our physical survival infrastructure. All the finer things in life mean nothing if we are living in chaos, visiting starvation and drought on others through our selfish consumption of material excess represented by the excessive use of carbon products. The wealthy who engage in carbon intensive businesses must be targeted with this knowledge and pressure to change the most. Look at this graphic of how they personally abuse carbon. It should be criminalized: Their businesses and investments must shift off of carbon immediately as well. These are facts not accusations;


Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your survival.

Physical Survival involves maybe 3 Billion People in 2030

We reached over 60% of peak oil, which was responsible for the population explosion, and now we will fall back, by starvation, to about the richest and best placed 3 billion of us. In order to continue, we will need to have avoided a temperature tipping point of 3C.

For us to succeed, we must remove all GHGs as soon as possible through removal and destruction. We offer hydroxyl radicals as a key method. CO2 sucking and methane sucking is far less efficient but we are now in a desperate situation and may require these regardless.

Do we all care that over half of us are going to die before we stabilize with a completely different resource management system than what we have now. We do not have time to.

Listen to Guy MacPherson now:


Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your survival.

Exactly what is going to happen to the Earth Climate

All aspects of the climate are going to get worse and be spurred on further by pending negative feedbacks until we have removed enough greenhouse gas to reverse the warming physics. The aerosol masking effect does nothing to actually solve the 150 year old problem of melting glaciers. If we don’t solve the greenhouse gas problem soon, we will reach one or more tipping points that will be exponentially harder to correct.

Aggressively investing in negative emissions technologies, as well as aggressive emission reduction are our only hope. If we are forced to use aerosol spraying, it will likely be because we reached a tipping point that put us into extreme emergency mode, and we may not be capable of sustaining it.

Please tell everyone about our hydroxyl dispersal technology for municipal governments: Municipal Government GENERIC Intro v 04 W FAQ

This is one major avenue for greenhouse gas removal. All options should be on the table now, and it’s time for real leadership action.


Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your successful survival.

The climate caused weather extremes are destroying US crops

It’s only a matter of time with this June 2019 being the hottest in recorded history, that the forensic reality of CO2 pollution is internalized by everyone as the endangering fact it is. The facts will remove your biases for you as this progresses.|twitter&par=sharebar


Here’s the impact of burning all fossil fuels:


Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your successful survival.

How swamped is the hydroxyl?

OH Calculation graphic

This shows that natural background hydroxyl is in a 24-hour time adjusted period. at 0.5 PPM, and the Gross deficit is 3.28 PPM. This 5+ fold deficit is behind the non-linear build up of pollutants including GHGs. If we don’t rectify this with technology assistance, we are headed for well over 3’C warming.

Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your successful survival.

Dr Natalia Shakhova explains key flaws in peer reviewed science on Arctic methane hydrates

In her May 2019 paper, Dr. Shakova addresses data analysis, and approach errors that signal we need to be ready to mitigate Methane right away.

Shakhova METHANE HYDRATES EMERGENCYgeosciences-09-00251 (1)


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Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your successful survival.

World climate shift remediation challenge

We are taking submissions for the world climate remediation challenge!

Minimal damage to the environment is a key benchmark.

So far, we have the

  1. Oxygen earth oxygen airlift and
  2. Ground level hydroxyl dispersal,
  3. Tethered hydroxyl downdraft protocol
  4. Ocean Seeding
  5. Marine Cloud brightening

If you have any other good GEOtherapies, please post them in the comments and I will list them here in this article.

Viva Cundliffe

Let’s get the heat out!

Temperature Balancing


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Excessive windfall profits a major driver of climate and society failure

Everything on Earth is monetized which means that a resource from the earth is tied to that money; there fore, wealth hoarding is a form of gouging the resources of the earth. When spent, that money again draws more resources from the earth and system, thus, when we encourage expenditures, regenerative projects which increase resources should be the key priority. Wasteful conveniences need to be phased out as society stabilizes at its zenith, or fails.

We do not have to remove wealth, but auditable ceilings on it should be considered properly tied to the Earth’s resources, especially notable is the carbon footprint. Government needs to be at least as awake to this need as consumers are, and put policy in place that ties wealth to the environment, and quantifies its risks to the environment so that there is compliance to a phase down and phase out of these excessive profit models and large holdings. This can be achieved democratically and through both education, taxation, lending, sustainability in manufacturing, regenerative economics.

Who feels wealthy anyway, on a faltering planet, where our movements and purchases are hurting the environment? Being fabulously wealthy while not increasing resources overall is not just a moral issue now- it is a sociopath’s life of crime and deserves to be mitigated and if necessary, democratically punished.  Moderation and regulation in the area of profit ceilings is quite overdue.


Technical brochure for hydroxyl remediation for municipalities

This technology treats all GHGS and air quality with nature’s magic bullet, the hydroxyl and it does not require any fans.

Municipal Government GENERIC Intro v 04 W FAQ

Reproduced courtesy GC Green Carbon Inc.


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Natural Sciences Geotherapy Association Founded May 27 2019

Natural Sciences Geotherapy Association Founded May 27 2019

For sustainability sake, the association proposes that all climate, environmental and weather modification can be achieved in a non toxic way using oxygen, water, hydroxyl and their positive and negative ions and associated subtle energy and physics.
“The consortium of weather, environmental and climate modification groups do not use or support unnatural chemicals in their approaches.  We advise of the clear dangers of locked in hard science, will encourage quality research in these clean methods, and encourage where possible, the replacement of, aggressive and toxic methods in use today which are inharmonious with the natural physics and chemistry of the Earth.”
The NSGAF serves as a platform for critique and debate, policy advising, education and outreach, and knowledge base for the members of the association engaged in the public interest, particularly where the public interest has not been served.
If you know of scientists, inventors, technologists, or professionals who would be interested in joining, please forward this link and email:
A list of the members will be public, and can be directly contacted through the contact address below.

hydroxyl remediation for climate inventor says it won’t be used until it is too late

I wrote this blog that you are now reading for two years, about the plan to cool the Earth with oxygen based science. Oxygen is part of the global thermostat. I also present to different groups to encourage them to apply the technology that can emit hydroxyl and naturally clean everything in the atmosphere including all greenhouse gases. You’d think this would be exciting and readily embraced as a major solution that will save lives.

Think again. This natural cleanser is being overwhelmed to the detriment of the climate and a bid to increase its concentration to help with the climate and air quality is being overlooked. By the time humanity is suffering enough from climate damages, the road to scaling this technology up will put the solution in the terribly late category, for having an impact. Be forewarned: I have been the only voice on this technology for 24 years. It is based on very sound science that for some unknown reason is virtually lost on everyone else. I am now convinced that humanity has a real death wish, because people won’t take up the yoke of truly helping their air quality and climate. One in 4 are sick from poor air quality and we expect 1 in 9 of us to be climate refugees, so we have signed on to almost 40%  of all living being victims of what we have done to the atmosphere and thus to ourselves.

My experience when even talking to governments, is that I am talking to teenagers who refuse to clean up their filthy bedrooms, and are going to stew in this filth until they completely endanger themselves. I want the world to know that watching this filthy drama unfold has highlighted the worst sides of humanity, from the siloed world of peer review, to the governments and universities who have passed the buck on getting down to being clean. In short the advanced segments of the world population have been the most lax on this subject, so don’t look to them for advice, they have failed you.

I am working hard to pinpoint what is needed to get this important technology up and running for society, but I want you to know that many people who have been given the knowledge have passed the buck, including politicians in Canada. Because I know that the wisdom of this technology is unparalleled, I renewed the blog for another year, but if you all knew who has been contacted and really done nothing to contribute you would be very disappointed in the number of names that you would see and recognize. As far as I am concerned, this global emergency has dictated that I not reveal these names in the hopes that some of them will still take action to help. To me this has become a very large scandal because we just have to look around and see what is happening.

Next week I will publish a 60 page dissertation that is a comprehensive teaching on the hydroxyl in an effort to uplift the understanding of all those who would read it. I have served almost completely outside the post secondary school monopoly to put together information that the school system missed which is a terrible oversight that could kill many. I want you to know that quite a number of chemists and engineers have failed you in serving the system that polluted this Earth without your knowledge. That you look to up them for advice on whether to do a proper job of cleaning this mess up the way I suggest does not bode well for humanity. People who you know are going to die needlessly and prematurely because of this.

Viva Cundliffe


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Aerosol modeling alarm as new climate models predict higher warming

Aerosol “shading” of the atmosphere could be contributing to lower hydroxyl production. If this were the case, it could account for the added warming as this universal cleanser helps with heat escape by removing pollution from the path of outgoing longwave radiation. I hope the models reveal the reason for the higher warming soon.



Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your successful survival.


Expanding deserts means receding hydroxyl levels

Projected Drought


No *OH¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦2 ppm OH ¦¦¦¦4 ppm OH ¦¦¦5-7 ppm OH¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦

OH removes all GHGs in cluding triggering precipitation, VOCs, SOA, POA, CO, N2O, PM 2.5, ODS, and is the universal and natural Goldilocks cleanser for Earth. When it is overwhelmed health is seriously compromised and it is now being overwhelmed. The good news is- there’s an municipal scale emitter system that can be deployed to help protect life and the climate.

Win the community based fight for your lives here:

Viva Cundliffe, CEO
We localize the removal of dangerous greenhouse gases and pollutants from your community for your successful survival.

The aerosol feedback disaster we need to know about to avert

recent papers by have shown that we are in for a dire irreversible problem if we continue to warm. If aerosols are allowed to persist while we have greenhouse gases, the loop looks like this:

  1. Too many aerosols interfere with precipitation, causing drought
  2. Drought removes moisture, which lowers or removes the hydroxyl, reducing/removing the atmosphere’s ability to cleanse itself
  3. Drought areas will then build up with aerosol pollution
  4. There will be a drought deadlock, where aerosols will persist, making the area uninhabitable, making any aerosol based cooling effects pointless
  5. These areas will export aerosol laden, hydroxyl depleted air to other regions, enlarging the affected areas

The hydroxyl is the only widely available natural agent that is involved in wet and dry removal processes. A release program of global scale to combat all the ills of the atmosphere is needed urgently. The hydroxyl is virtual “kryptonite” for all the pollutants and aerosols that are injected or form over time.

Municipalities have access to a technology that produces a concentrated stream of hydroxyls to offset all greenhouse gases, pollutants and aerosols, even black carbon.

As methane and N2O is set to increase from the Arctic, possibly in runaway acceleration, humanity needs to be ready with the hydroxyl release approach operating.

This will be the only safe way to wean ourselves off of any aerosol programs that we are forced to use to continue masking the root cause of our global warming greenhouse gases.
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atmospheric aerosols use up oxidant which causes more warming

The OH* radical is normally forming bonds with particulates and making the particulates more soluble in water so that they will be removed by rain. The hydrogen side of the molecule can penetrate the surface tension of water. When more particulates are in the air, the OH* ligands are used up and a shortage will cause a big problem that may already be sneaking up on us. OH* also oxidizes greenhouse gases like methane but if it is all or partially used up by the process of attaching to particulate matter, then it cannot burn off methane and other gases and we see a build up.

Aerosols also reflect sunlight that is used by the O2 molecule to split into atomic O1d atoms, where OH* is formed after the O1D meets water.

Note these two reactions:

O2 + hv(sunlight) = 2 O1d

O1d + H2O = 2OH*

From one oxygen molecule we can get 4 OH*, which is a quadruple benefit for scrubbing the air and aging aerosols. With too many aerosols wasting OH*, we lose the needed scrubbing. This could lead to very accelerated warming because overall it takes 10 O2 net to remove methane in an average ten year process using significant OH*.

We are just going into a four year record average highest global temperature. As we look for the causes, we must look at how the oxidants are being suppressed or overused by aerosols and allow methane to persist longer. This will be critical as we find a way to battle the methane blowouts from arctic permafrost and the oceans which can triple the carbon content of the air with methane which is 30 times worse than CO2.

We may have to release atomic or ionized oxygen to help reverse these trends and increase oxidation of methane.



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Employers need to help people start living out net zero carbon periods of time if we are going to succeed at handling this emergency. Sheltering in place, staying at home, working from home, banning single occupant driving need to be sanctioned by our societies.

The honor system has failed us at every level. The only alternative is to proscribe carbon use with permits. It’s the only way we are  going to succeed, and I want you all to succeed.

Aerosol Masking Effect Policy Action Deadlock Resolution

Perhaps the darkest chapter of our global warming emergency is the policymaker deadlock with the fact that aerosols and particulate matter are having a cooling effect that we will lose as we halt combustion, causing a rebound of warming and taking us into the 2’C warming category.

The way to address this is to remove all reactive GHGs and short lived climate pollutants with technology that emits hydroxyl radicals as we stand down from combustion.

This hydroxyl response would remove 2’C of heat if it were large enough as we shift off of fossil fuels.

Policy makers appear to be paralyzed by this problem of aerosol masking because emissions increased in 2018. We can’t continue this inaction and need complementary work such as hydroxyl dispersal to be started and scaled before we reach a global tipping point as the Arctic is in abrupt warming amplification.

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists have called for just such a measure as hydroxyl dispersal.

Please consider sharing our blog widely.

Actively remove greenhouse gases other than CO2 and see global cooling

We have a lot of greenhouse gases other than CO2 that can be removed with an oxygen airlift at 19 Km altitude to trigger some cooling. 16 computer modeling groups have been contacted to initiate the design of a model to show the changes we can expect from an oxygen airlift. Results will be released when we have been notified.

All of the gases below that are not black are oxidizable with oxygen. This means that at least 1/3rd of the warming we have caused can be reversed, which translates into at least 0.7’C.


Any enhancement of the natural background hydroxyl ion (radical) will help with this problem as well as saving lives by reducing other air pollutants. Municipal governments are being given the option to become custodians of air quality and climate using one technology called Reduction Tech, which emits hydroxyls and makes the air it uses pristine.


(left vertical axis) The heating imbalance in watts per square meter relative to the year 1750 caused by all major human-produced greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorocarbons 11 and 12, and a group of 15 other minor contributors. Today’s atmosphere absorbs about 3 extra watts of incoming solar energy over each square meter of Earth’s surface. According to NOAA’s Annual Greenhouse Gas Index (right axis) the combined heating influence of all major greenhouse gases has increased by 41% relative to 1990. NOAA graph, based on data from NOAA ESRL.


While we oxidized these gases, we would also be able to repair the UV protection offered by the Ozone layer at the same time. The choice to not perform this oxygen airlift involves either doing nothing to correct our errors, or adding aerosols to effectively continue holding heat waves inside our atmosphere where they are killing us, causing massive droughts, starvation, wars and displacements right now.

The developed world which caused all of these problems needs to come together and remove these removable greenhouse gases as soon as possible.


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Our global collective is our atmosphere and we all now damage it beyond its capacity

The sky is a limited container-handle with care!

In science, the convention of working with pollution at its source to stop it presently is not working. How do we know this? Because emissions went up 1.7% in 2018.

So, as an engineer, I’m telling you you have to really cut your personal emissions and the best way to do that is to stop vehicle emissions immediately. And please if you have to use your car, share it with as many people as possible. Make the extra effort to ride share.

In order to successfully target the high emitters of society, you may have to all sign on to a carbon rationing system that won’t hurt you very much, but will target the rich. This sounds political, but it is grounded in fact. Heavy emitters are stealing your climate safety away from you, the average citizen. I apologize for being blunt.

Dr. Kevin Anderson of the Tyndall Center for Climate Change teaches about this very clearly and truthfully, which in these times you deserve to hear. I suggest like he does that the only way to target the rich is through a whole society policy of tradable emissions permits, where all can be held accountable fairly.

We all must bear in mind that Climate Change Canada just issued a comprehensive report in which it states that Canada has officially warmed 1.7’C, which makes the 2’C target the only option instead of 1.5’C for Canada.




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Interpretation of Snowball Earth

The fossil record shows both Methane and CO2 in the sequences of glaciation studied By the Snowball Earth Hypothesis. The Prime actor between these two gases…Oxygen, is very important, as it is used up by Methane as Methane is broken down into CO2 and water. Here is another natural action that may not have been fully captured by the hypothesis- Once the plant matter is rotting after a cooling event which causes plant die off, the decomposition process gives off Methane which will eventually become CO2.

So we witness discussion like this, where the headline is confusing the ordinary reader.

At this point it should not be a discussion about Carbon Dioxide only- as Methane is so often the precursor gas which sponges up the cooling oxygen gas (hydroxyl) which triggers or encourages cooling of the Earth.

But this article points out that CO2 is not the warming trigger according to their assessment and also that levels were potentially very high in the fossil record- over 1000 ppm. This suggests that methane was very high-essentially up to the same ppm level to cause that CO2 level. This would cause warming by removing 6 O atoms per CH4.

The thermostat is  a relatively simple relationship between Oxygen and Methane, and now anthropogenic CO2, with a longer term,  blanketing protection from water and CO2 as Methane is broken down. The water vapor warms at lower altitude.

Presently we are injecting combustion CO2 without a Methane precursor and other greenhouse gases which also have depleted the oxygen for the ozone layer. The real impact has been the cooling action from the plant exhalation of oxygen ( that is ionized in the high atmosphere) which is well recorded. It then rots and gives Methane/CO2 which effectively rewarms.

Therefore if plants can affect this thermostat, we should look there to the oxygen and how it changed the available Methane, then that resulting decomposition to CO2 and water which then fed another cycle of plant growths, and went around again in this simple cycle. These gases were always present once plant life was here. It is the ratios which we want to check against that record in order to find the applicability.

The more powerful than CO2 gases are subject to oxidation and promote cooling ( heat venting) by their absence mathematically and physically. Their control requires oxygen, either natural or provided via direct remediation. Our problem is having all of these releasing all at once, including Methane from permafrost.

The warming caused by all of the co pollutants from combustion cause warming and are called short lived climate pollutants. However in September 2010, a Methane blowout process now occurring will be far more serious. The antidote to the Methane is one gas- Oxygen-best delivered in the form of an ion called the hydroxyl. In the fossil record, there are cases where oxygen and its oxidation of methane has caused a snowball Earth, when CO2 levels were low enough to allow heat venting. Presently we can count on only about 2’C of this cooling, but even that may be a pivotal and necessary opportunity we must take. We must seriously consider some forms of carbon rationing, either at national levels, or target high emitters, to make any cooling successful.




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Urgent Bulletin about the Arctic

Municipalities at the front lines of climate change intervention need the support of Provincial and Federal governments. If they include air and climate quality control as an infrastructure, they are going to need to do it on a global basis.


As air conditioning and refrigeration increases we will cause more global warming

More Leaks

The air conditioners and fridges mainly use potent greenhouse gases to function. As we collectively use more of them as the globe warms, we are in for additional leakages for a couple of reasons.

More use means more wear and tear on these units, which entails leaks from damaged seals, or from when they are emptied. The number of units is increasing as well, British Columbia Hydro and other utilities have reported record breaking electricity use this summer, due to this fact.

Already, the refrigerant gases are causing at least 78 ppm CO2 equivalents of warming as they reside at the level of the ozone layer. This brings the total to 478 ppm not 400 (R Prinn et al). where a significant number of these gases are still also tearing up the ozone layer.

The only way they are removed is when oxygen is activated and breaks the gases down with the aid of sunlight, and the less harmful remainders are scrubbed out or fall out of the sky. A couple of forms of oxygen do this for us.

In this blog bulletin we work to cover all of the aspects of doing an oxygen airlift up to the ozone layer. where it would destroy the damaging gases there and trigger some cooling as the walls stopping heat from leaving Earth are removed.  To understand more about the oxygen airlift, check out the other articles here.

More on the Hydroxyl Tipping Point


Frequently Asked Questions

1. Does this method really assist with outdoor air quality and greenhouse gases?

Yes. The hydroxyl radical is relied upon in nature as the #1 air quality and greenhouse gas removal compound. Its secret is that it persists in the atmosphere until it does react, meaning any enhancement of it will have an additive effect.

2. What are the methods to distribute it through a community?

There are larger facilities with a rooftop dispersal as well as local area utility pole mounted systems. These are automated and require a minimum of servicing.

3. Is the hydroxyl radical really overwhelmed by modern pollutants?

The highest average amount of hydroxyl is 7 ppm and about 20% recycles in the area overnight. This means that total pollutant counts above 8.60 ppm are overwhelming it and are creating a tipping point where the polluted area is now contributing to a build up of greenhouse gases and pollutants that is being exported out of the local area into neighboring regions, and contributing to accelerated global warming and climate damages.

4. Isn’t the atmosphere an unlimited container?

Definitely not and only coordinated removal processes will ensure that we lower pollutant levels and protect infrastructure and lives in the mid and long term. The vast effectiveness of the hydroxyl cleaning ability, which is now overwhelmed, often lulls us into thinking the atmosphere has an infinite capacity.

5. Isn’t the average pollution count still acceptable in urban air?

Our statistics are based on Canadian monitoring that must include particulates and if possible, aerosol counts. The aggregate pollution count is used because hydroxyl attaches to, or breaks up aerosols and PM, so these constituents use it up just as much as the other pollutants. When they are included in urban air, even Canada’s standards allow too much for the natural hydroxyl level.

6. With smart cities, can’t we lower our emission levels?

It’s a long journey and plant stress and plant metabolism from increased CO2, warming and drought alone is increasing aerosol levels even in green cities. Atmospheric brown carbon and black carbon are a global issue and use up the hydroxyl reservoir and are exported to neighboring countries of developing countries that have asserted that they will peak their emissions before considering cutting down. Global emissions rose over 2% in 2018 while 18 single countries lowered emissions and viable direct removal methods like this one at ReductionTechtm are being scaled up because the global average temperature is still rising, drought, floods and fires are projected to progress by scientists.


Hydroxyl Tipping Point Reached


Viva Cundliffe1

The Hydroxyl Radical is most likely being inundated by pollution in worldwide air sheds, leading to an overall failure to oxidize methane.

Over 30 air shed reporting sites were consulted to observe and note the pollution levels, and placed in this small calculator to determine what the Hydroxyl deficit was in each area.

In all cases, there was a deficit of the hydroxyl radical when totaled against the listed species. This strongly indicates that the future will include a growing failure by hydroxyls to remove methane, leading to a non-linear climate forcing feedback, which we suggest, has now begun.

Simple Calculator of *OH Needs
Airshed Constituents in ppm This calculator can be adjusted for any air shed’s constituents and show the deficit of *OH. With wildfires the deficit becomes extremely high.
CAP ppm  
CO 0.871
Sox 0.0004
CH4 0.2
PM 2.5 7
O3 0.028
Nox 0.0126 .010-.045
CO2 0>0006x 410ppm 0.24 1/100 of 6% buffering
VOC 0.32
SGHG basket 0.018638 synthetic GHGs or CFC gases
Total Reactant Flux 8.690638
(*)OH ppm
PPM (*)OH natural 6
added PPM (*)OH 1.1 1.1 , 2.2, 1.5,3
.25 assist 0.275 25% builds up in air
Total Flux 7.375
DEFICIT OF OH 1.315638 ppm

This is a snapshot of the calculator, where as noted, a new group can add hydroxyl to the environment that has a deficit. Shown here is an addition of 1.1 ppm, but this leaves still, a deficit of 1.315 ppm in addition to that. The total deficit shown here in this typical air sample is 2.415 ppm, which we suggest, is enough of a deficit (over 25%) to leave room for a cumulative buildup of total methane, as well as other pollutants.

As many will recall, about 25% of the hydroxyl will be recycled over four days. Any pollution demand over this “recycled boost” will result in un-reacted pollution remaining in the air, and this critical tipping point is reached.

The tipping point has been shown here.

Lead author: Viva Cundliffe


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Global hydroxyl deficit contributes to hothouse earth and we can intervene

Simple Calculator of *OH Needs
Airshed Constituents in ppm This calculator can be adjusted for any air shed’s constituents and show the deficit of *OH. With wildfires the deficit becomes extremely high.
CAP ppm  
CO 0.871
Sox 0.0004
CH4 0.2
PM 2.5 7
O3 0.028
Nox 0.0126 .010-.045
CO2 0>0006x 410ppm 0.24 1/100 of 6% buffering
VOC 0.32
SGHG basket 0.018638 synthetic GHGs or CFC gases
Total Reactant Flux 8.690638
(*)OH ppm
PPM (*)OH natural 6
added PPM (*)OH 1.1 1.1 , 2.2, 1.5,3
.25 assist 0.275 25% builds up in air
Total Flux 7.375
DEFICIT OF OH 1.315638 ppm

We looked at this for urban airsheds and see a clear deficit of hydroxyls, which calls for a remediation system. You would think that mixing with remote air sheds would balance the deficit, but with global warming, plant life gives off an increased amount of volatile organic compounds, which use up hydroxyls. With an across the board depletion of this main natural atmospheric cleanser, gases and pollutants are going to build up and it’s simply a question of how fast this happens, not “if” it will.

This will significantly contribute to further global warming if nothing is done to enhance the relative hydroxyl levels. If we enhance hydroxyls, they have the potential to provide 2’C of global cooling, which is being proposed by a company in Canada.

Carbon Karma and tradable emissions permits

For us to return to a stable climate, we all need to know that in an equal system, each of us can emit 16.7 Tonnes of CO2 per year, while we rapidly scale up direct air capture and removal technologies. If you emit more than this what you are doing is hurting everyone else, everything else and are wasteful and careless. All emissions above this baseline should be paid for at- or at progressive multiples of the full value and cost that it takes to technologically reduce them, not through trees.

Baselines for Tradable emissions permits
Needed CO2 reductions according to science for 2050
2 trillion, 1 trillion dac 1 trillion reduced
Per capita
250 2 T/8B
500 T per capita
16.6666666666667 T per year per capita to 2050

Carbon budgeting possibilities

An integrated  equitable Carbon economy is needed based on the actual carbon budget left globally, and here are a few very basic concepts that could be written into a society plan. It can be dry run for educational and testing purposes before it is fully implemented because we do have the computing power. This is a highly variable template of options.
1. Tradable carbon budgets constructed on a CREDIT card like system which are secure,
reloadable transferable, auditable and adjustable
2. Individual, Group and Community Carbon VISA, accounting systems possibly secured by block chain technology.
3. Personal Carbon budget based on preset lifestyle standards. People can check their budgets at different living standards
4. Each person can profile themselves and find their budget baseline, budget for buying or offsetting luxuries like bonfires for example. After certain limits, buying the privilege to emit becomes more expensive on a progressive or exponential scale because then the disincentive will match the current emergency need to halt emissions
5. Work and Professional Carbon budgets for commuting, air travel
6. Enterprise carbon budgets: Based on # working persons, FTE, commuting/non commuting,
vehicle/no vehicle
7. Family Carbon VISA
8. Borrowing rules, borrowing against future credits for family emergencies and family funerals
9. GHG Offsets Savings Plans
10. Offset Insurance-buying a policy which invests in offset technologies where liabilities like mobile emissions are hard to quantify, buying offset services direct from an offset technology provider
11. Offset project Investment plans, term deposits, notes, where investing in offset projects or services accrues a small percentage of growth in the credit at maturity
12. Assigning or inheriting offset credits-rules and procedures
13. Offset volunteerism, tree plantings, plant biomass credits, purchase & use of solar power equipment, buying bulk solar or hydro, carbon negative power, or carbon neutral power of heating, efficiency incentives
14. Offset technology loans, grants, investments should be incentivized with tax rebates, lower rates, tax reductions, patient terms to repay loans.
15. Carbon credit pooling for neighborhood, community, district, province/state/, Country projects.
16. Carbon sink development and protection, conservation, expansion project lending and incentives
17. People and projects which go over budget must be given lower priority/delayed purchasing power than those whom are getting their basic needs met. This needs to be phased in and scaled.

Avoid 1C of warming and take 1C of cooling

We could reverse 2’C of warming and avoid 2’C total of warming by having hydroxyl radicals working to remove reactive GHGs according to a couple of peer reviewed papers. I have dug deep to locate what gives the most accurate picture of what we can do with hydroxyl radicals.

Table 3 shows that 2’C of warming to 2100 can be removed with reactive GHG controls 2010-2100. Extra triggered methane problems of 1’c are dealt with also.

2C cooling table

(Arctic methane, Elena Dyupina a & Andre van Amstel a Journal of integrative environmental sciences.)

Figure 3 shows that a full degree of warming can be removed along with the reactive GHG removals.

1 C warming removed

Impact of short-lived non-CO2 mitigation on carbon budgets for stabilizing global warming, Joeri Rogelj1,2, Malte Meinshausen3,4, Michiel Schaeffer5,6, Reto Knutti2 and Keywan Riahi1,

According to peer reviewed science, we can reverse the 1’C we have now, and reverse any additional warming impact up to about a degree. This technology can be deployed now.

Methane warming of 6 celsius within 80 years a peer reviewed exercise

A study of the effects for the original hypothesis, based on a coupled climate–carbon cycle model assessed a 1000-fold (from <1 to 1000 ppmv) methane increase—within a single pulse, from methane hydrates (based on carbon amount estimates for the PETM, with ~2000 GtC), and concluded it would increase atmospheric temperatures by more than 6 °C within 80 years. Further, carbon stored in the land biosphere would decrease by less than 25%, suggesting a critical situation for ecosystems and farming, especially in the tropics.

Atsushi Obata; Kiyotaka Shibata (June 20, 2012). “Damage of Land Biosphere due to Intense Warming by 1000-Fold Rapid Increase in Atmospheric Methane: Estimation with a Climate–Carbon Cycle Model”. J. Climate25 (24): 8524–8541. Bibcode:2012JCli…25.8524Odoi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00533.1.

National Science Foundation: 22 degrees F (12’C) in 50 years found in ice core, 11,700 years ago


“Because gas hydrates globally sequester such a large amount of methane at depths that are shallow compared to those associated with conventional gas, even reputable publications sometimes posit that warming climate will lead to catastrophic breakdown of global gas hydrate deposits and the subsequent injection of the released methane into the atmosphere. Our review underscores the implausibility of such scenarios. The spatial distribution of climate-susceptible gas hydrates, the strong sinks that consume much of the methane released from gas hydrate breakdown before the gas reaches the atmosphere, and the thermodynamic barriers to runaway gas hydrate breakdown all argue against strong synergy between gas hydrates and the climate system. In fact, we estimate that seafloor emissions of hydrate-derived methane (most of which never reaches the atmosphere) is dwarfed by annual carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere from anthropogenic sources.”

This still leaves the question “What could cause abrupt warming that is not methane?”