What the hydroxyl radical does for an air shed

If a community is emitting OH* it is empowering its citizens with high air quality and fighting climate change!

When OH* is high, the air quality includes helpful chemical activity that is not widely known. The aerosols in the air shed are attached to, made heavier and more water soluble, this both removes them by dry deposition and makes them easier to remove by rain, and the OH* attaches to aerosols of all sizes so it has a full spectrum benefit. The PM is made heavier and removed more quickly and the visibility of the PM as haze is reduced and air clarity is enhanced while reducing the health hazard.

Because PM is lowered there is a corresponding small increase in night time heat loss from the air shed, as exiting long wave radiation is less interfered with by the combination of particulate and methane molecules. Greenhouse gases like methane and synthetic GHGs are removed, contributing to localized cooling effects, particularly at night. The impact of this in well mixed air is an 81ppm reduction in the 480 ppm CO2 e warming we currently have on the planet.

GHG removal contributes to the global GHG reduction needed to fight climate change, If we were emitting OH* everywhere, we could lower the planetary temperature by 0.5’C by removing the root cause, not “masking” the problem.

Aged VOC aerosols are whitened and may contribute to cloud brightening or albedo. Black carbon is also lightened in color or brightened.

6% of the OH* will enhance the carbonate buffering system of the clouds, increasing the cloud’s ability to rain out CO2 from the air and have it permanently weathered in the soils.

Odor causing molecules and gases are either made heavier and removed or chemically altered by oxidation and neutralized.

OH* can mix into an inversion layer, react with the aerosols and make rainfall more likely closer to the air shed, which cleans the local air further. It may shorten the lifetime of the inversion layer formations and make the air quality problem associated with them improve by helping aerosols become efficient cloud condensation nuclei, enter the cloud formation more readily, helping clouds more effectively scavenge pollution particles.

Urban air shed ozone levels are lowered.

Mercury, metals, and particles like asbestos are oxidized and removed by wet and dry deposition.

Smoke particle removal will be enhanced.

Industrial emissions of acids, carbon monoxide from vehicles and black carbon will be more oxidized and removed.

OH* recycles in the presence of Nox from combustion, so after release it can go on to protect the wider atmosphere for extended times.

https://www.mintdice.com/blog/ripple-xrp-platform-to-begin-trading-gold-silver

 

The sooner we computer model an oxygen airlift -the better

download2

I recently asked 15 atmospheric computer modeling groups around the world to model the oxygen airlift to see what the effect would be according to their algorithms. Computers are the only place where the interference of EMF frequencies and chemicals can be removed if a basic study is done. We are almost inundated with interference in the atmosphere and it looks like it is going to continue that way. This is leading to the outgrowth of negative feedbacks from ice loss and methane explosions which are set to continue possibly up to tripling the CO2 content of the atmosphere.

The third world has acknowledged global warming because their agricultural droughts are causing loss of crops and life around them. They are prisoners of the industrial revolution on combustion.

We will have enough oxygen at ground to borrow it and place it up in the atmosphere for a limited time, because the methane explosion occurring is going to use up these reserves over time. If the oxygen airlift cooled the atmosphere, it may at least partially arrest this warming by slowing the explosions. This can be computer modeled and the modeling exercise would give us insight into a different option than solar radiation management. We have to have an idea of how much oxygen affects the computer model results. To increase oxygen at ground is important and can only feasibly be done by plats and the ocean plankton and algae, so we are faced with thinking about planting more greenery and more properly shepherding the ocean so that it does not continue to have anoxic zones.

Perhaps the large emitters should be planting the equivalent of their fossil fuel emissions of CO2 as CO2 converting plants.

The truth is that we are faced with up to 6 degrees of warming and so the sooner we look at these ideas, the better. If we start thinking in terms of generating an additional million Tonnes of dry plant matter from added plants, this equates to a million tonnes of carbon. If we are emitting 100 million Tonnes of CO2 per day, 27.2 million tonnes per day of dry, dead plant matter would completely offset this by fixing that carbon and giving off needed oxygen. 70% of the CO2 is given off by large emitters, so, the attribution has been made to them. Can they generate 19.04 million Tonnes of dead plant matter per day?

Plants convert 5 Tonnes of CO2 per year per hectare, which is 1.36 Tonnes of carbon, so the emitters would have to plant and bury the carbon on 14,000,000 Hectares of land per day.

There are 2.7 billion Hectares of arable land available so the 5.1 billion hectares needed for a year are out of reach for the emitters with business as usual. We would need to halve their emissions and plant all of the arable land.  http://www.everythingconnects.org/arable-land.html

Another way to view this statistic is that we have trapped oxygen in the CO2 molecule by double what we could potentially reverse with plants, so the oxygen reservoir is being lost to CO2.

This is the cost of our reliance on combustion in simple terms. Are we willing to face this situation with a shortening time window on our way to a 6 degree warming set to topple the web of life at that point.

We definitely need to know if an oxygen airlift will help because it has triggered ice ages in the past; we won’t be able to trigger an ice age, but we could trigger removal of methane and synthetic greenhouse gases and give ourselves a needed delay to the 6 degree warming we face. We deserve to know what this option might do for us.

A new carbon free fuel is on the horizon Hyper-Oxygenated Water

We don’t know yet what this could promise, but Hyper-Oxygenated water looks like this:

You take pressurized Oxygen ions and combine them with water to up to about 5 atmospheres or 75 psig to obtain a combustible fluid. At ambient pressures, water can absorb the oxygen and create a pH of 10.5, and we theorize that each atmosphere of pressure added would increase the concentration by about 40% on the pH scale. One atmosphere added may add .4 to the 10.5 based on what has been observed in the GC Green Carbon lab.

“Working up from these pressures, 10 atmospheres brings this solution to close to a 50% solution” says Viva Cundliffe. “The catalytic effects of the oxygen ions under pressure in water have yet to be studied, but the water does not need to be highly purified according to our findings.” The fuel may have 90% of the energy density of 99% hydrogen peroxide and an autoignition profile that would be practical for ships and possibly aircraft as a co fuel. “Certainly oxygenation this way, along with the hydrogen content deserves to be studied further”.

The added pressure concentrating the fuel may be the property that was missing from Brown’s Gas that would give this potential fuel a practical basis to be applied.

With more funding this research will be on the bench as the world looks for decarbonised fuels to mix with hydrocarbons or standalone non GHG emitting fuels.

Courtesy GC Green Carbon Inc.

http://www.gcgreencarbon.com